deerfence1

The large deer population in the United States has become an increasingly difficult problem for many gardeners and property owners.

Through the years, many home remedies have been rumored to alleviate the situation, all of which resulted in continuous deer problems.

From spraying hot sauce on plants, to hanging ultrasound “deer deterrents,” gardeners have tried everything.

Although they may provide initial results, the deer are always cunning enough to overcome whatever obstacle they are given in time.

Cultural Devices

Cultural methods involve techniques like planting ornamental species that are poisonous or otherwise undesirable to the deer. The mere presence of these species plants only means deer will feed on the safer nearby plants. And in cases where there is a notably high population of deer or intensive feeding pressure even the undesirable plants will be eaten.

Repellents

Repellents are most likely the most popular method of deer control besides hunting. The high cost, limitations on use, and variable effectiveness make most repellents impractical on row crops, pasture, or other large areas. Two kinds of repellents exist: contact, and area. Contact repellents are applied directly to the crop plants and repel by taste. Some of these contact repellents use inedible egg solids to repel deer, while others cannot be applied to the edible portion of the crop, because it will alter the taste. The deer’s learning ability causes many repellents to fail over time. A good way to counter such acclimation is to switch repellents periodically and to alter their positions near the crop. But as above with planting unpalatable ornamentals, remember that a hungry deer is not too concerned with taste and odor repellents. Area repellents are applied near the plants to be protected and repel deer by smell alone. Some area repellents use ammonium soaps of fatty acids, bone tar oil, and/or putrefied meat scraps. Bags of human hair and suspended bars of ordinary hand soap have also be used as area repellents for deer.

Scare Methods

Scare devices include various methods for scaring the deer away. These methods can be effective and economical in a few situations. Various methods include propane cannons or set gas exploders set to detonate at irregular time intervals, these may even be available for loan from your local wildlife refuge or agency. Strobe lights and sirens can also be effective, even firing arms are used as a temporary method. The main problem with these solutions is that the deer become used to these methods and find other parts of the property to intercept. They may eventually become unaffected by these scare tactics all together

Culling of harvest

Culling or harvest of deer is another management option. This is a very controversial method in deer population control. Some states issue permits to landowners to shoot deer outside the normal sport hunting season. Only those animals that are damaging crops can be removed. Sport hunting can reduce deer populations and reduce deer damage over larger regional areas. To be effective over the long term, does (female deer) must be removed from the deer population. A “bucks-only” deer hunt does very little to reduce the deer population or the damage done by overpopulated deer herds. By allowing hunting, landowners can provide controlled public access to a recreational resource while reducing deer damage.

 Deer fence – installation techniques

deerfence1a1.First, determine the areas you wish to protect. Our product can be used to enclose your entire property, or selected areas (please note that the area should be completely enclosed for the best deer protection.) In our experience, using the product along just one or two sides of the area could result in severe damage – it will allow the deer to enter from a particular direction, try to exit from another direction where the fencing has been installed, and damage your fence in their attempt to escape. Therefore, we recommend that you completely enclose the area you wish to protect, (enclosing particular section(s) or your entire property). If you choose to enclose your entire property, we suggest using Cintoflex P-Flex. If you choose to enclose small gardens or landscaped areas, our standard C-Flex product. Since deer do not like jumping into small areas, you may be able to use lower height fence for narrow beds/small gardens.

deerfence22.The fencing can be attached to your existing trees with U-nails. When doing so, we recommend that the trees are no more than 15′ apart. If no treeline is present, or if trees are further than 20′ apart, our tubular 1 3/8″ pipe, rail steel or pressure treated 2″ x 4″s or 4″ X 4″s maybe used and should be spaced no more than 10′ apart. Start in a corner at ground level, unroll the fencing, and attach it to the tree using u-nails every 1 foot as you work your way up. For maximum strength, use as many nails as possible on top and bottom. Leave some play in the fencing as you install it. Run a coil wire along the top of the fence and attach to the pipe in holes provided (must make sure to order pipes with holes drilled). Or, if using wood, attach it with staples. Attach the coil wire to the fence with zip ties every foot. (Please see the Deer Fence Specifications Section for complete information on both products.)

deerfence33.Deer are notorious for trying to push under fence! In order to keep them from getting in, install the fence netting so that it the ground. Then secure it to the ground using 12″ metal stakes every 8′ – 10′, or attach a wire running the length of the fence by securely fastening it to the bottom of the fence (similar to the coil wire installation method used for the fence top, as stated in number 2. We have also had success placing large rocks on top of the overlap to secure the netting on the ground. If you have rabbits and small animals and are installing Cintoflex, you may want to add a steel hex barrier. We recommend installing 2’ steel hex netting along-side the bottom of your Cintoflex. This ensures that small animals don’t chew holes in your fencing, creating a starting point of access for the deer. Attach it in the same way you are installing your Cintoflex fencing for added protection.

4.Attach 12″ long white ribbon onto the fence every 10′ at a height of 4′. This will allow the deer to see the newly installed barrier, keeping them from running into it. The ribbon should be left up for six to eight weeks. It is most important to place a ribbon along areas of high deer traffic and/or time worn paths (we also recommend using a double layer of fencing where frequently traveled paths exist).

deerfence45.Do not forget to determine what accessories you will need! Wayside Fence Co. offers a complete line of accessories to help you install your new deer fence. Please see our online shopping cart for a complete list of products and descriptions of their use, and/or to purchase. The fencing can be attached to your existing trees with U – nails. When doing so, we recommend that the trees are no more than 20′ apart. If so, our tubular 1 3/8″ pipe rail steel, pressure treated 2″ x 4″s or 4″ x 4″s, or metal poles may be used and should be spaced no more than 15′ apart.Remember that you will need to run a top cable for added strength. This is also necessary to meet pool code.

6.Deer fencing has been approved for pool code fencing in several locations. Here is a list of CT areas,they may be helpful to you when approaching your local municipality.
Greenwich
Fairfield
New Canaan
Westin
Ridgefield
Westport

Deer fence – specifications

Welded wire

How does it work?

Keep deer from damaging specific gardens or landscaped areas on your property.

Keep deer from entering areas on your property. Re-train deer so they keep out!

Welded wire is one of the most versatile products on today’s market. It has many practical uses, in addition to deer fencing, such as property division, pet enclosure, tree & shrub protection, pool enclosure ( in most areas), animal & poultry pens, etc.

The heavy duty plastic coated welded wire is galvanized before welding. It is engineered and designed to provide flexibility for ease of installation. Welded wire offers low visibility making it unobtrusive. It is virtually maintenance-free, and is an economical solution for local code compliance. Plus, it easily installs to post & rail, fencing, stakes, or tacks to trees.

Welded wire is available in several heights and grid sizes. Since it is only available in up to 6’ heights, it is recommended that you add 1-3 strands of straight wire across the top of your fence line to get to the 7.5’ height necessary for perimeter deer exclusion.

  • Engineered and designed to provide flexibility for ease of installation
  • Low visibility and unobtrusive
  • Virtually maintenance free
  • Easily installs to stakes or tacks to trees
  • It can be shipped via UPS

 Hi tensile fencing

Hi-tensile fencing was designed specifically for wildlife. It gives excellent control for animal containment, exclusion and protection from predators. Fewer posts, higher fence strength and less maintenance due to product durability are all properties of hi-tensile fencing. The combination of hi-tensile wire and solid vertical stays allows fence installation using 25’ post centers.

The unique fixed knot, which locks vertical and horizontal wires together, will not allow animals to penetrate the fence. The deep crimp in the horizontal wire maintains fence tension and allows the fence to follow rough terrain. Available in 330’ rolls, and up to a full 8’ in height.

 Deer control steel hex

Deer Control Steel Hex is a galvanized hexagonal steel PVC coated black fence. It is great for deer exclusion, as well as other predators such as coyotes, wolves, and rabbits.

For the weight, Deer Control Steel Hex is the strongest and least visible fence on the market today. The grid size is 1″ x 1.25″ and it comes in 20 gauge mesh.

Deer Control Steel Hex is steel reinforced. It is easy to install and maintain. Steel Hex Netting meets pool code in some areas. Check with your local town.

The following information should help you make your product selection easier.

Cintoflex

Cintoflex was designed more than 15 years ago as an alternative to galvanized netting. It is manufactured from non-toxic, tough, flexible, high density black polypropylene with characteristics that withstand the effects of weather (extremes of hot and cold, ultra-violet rays) and contaminants, such as acids generated in the poultry farm. Cintoflex is produced by a patented stretching and extruding process. As a result, the mesh is manufactured as a continuous net, possessing strength normally associated with wire netting.

Cintoflex is easily handled and installed due to its extreme light weight. There are four different mesh sizes to choose. Available in rolls up to 15 feet high, multiple overlaps are eliminated in installations where height is required, such as aviaries. The netting may be installed similar to any conventional fencing. Due to material’s light weight, support posts are not required as often. For added support, a bracing wire should be run along the top and bottom of the mesh. Cintoflex is ideal for a wide variety of applications including bird and deer control.

All Cintoflex products are available in various heights. Each product, grid size and height is recommended for a particular use. There are several deer fencing products available to fit any need. Wayside Fence Co. offers Tenax Cintoflex, Hi-tensile Fence, Deer Control Steel Hex and Welded Wire, all of which offer the ultimate in deer exclusion.

  • Economical (less than a buck a foot!)
  • Lightweight plastic
  • Easy to install by one person
  • U.V. stabilized
  • Unaffected by extreme temperatures and severe weather conditions
  • Will not rust or discolor
  • Does not have sharp edges
  • Does not deform
  • No special cutting tools are required
  • Maintenance free – no sanding, painting or finishing
  • Is virtually invisible, as it blends in with nature
  • Cintoflex is recyclable, making it environmentally friendly
  • It can be shipped via UPS

Cintoflex is available in two strengths. Cintoflex C is our standard deer fencing for small gardens or areas not experiencing high pressure deer situations. Cintoflex P is our premium, perimeter deer fencing designed for high pressure deer exclusion where deer habits and territories have been established.

Deer fence – product descriptions

 Tenax cintoflex

Our product is made of extremely high strength polypropylene giving it many benefits:

  • Engineered and designed to provide flexibility for ease of installation
  • Light-weight plastic
  • Easy to install by one person
  • Unaffected by extreme temperatures and severe weather conditions
  • Will not rust or discolor
  • Engineered and designed to provide flexibility for ease of installation

Cintoflex C line

The “C” line offers a 1 3/4″ x 1 3/4″ grid, which affords you non-visibility and high strength. Each height is suitable for a variety of applications:

  • 4′ is recommended for replacement of your standard welded wire product, where an informal and economical enclosure is desired.
  • 5′ is good for protecting foundation plantings and flower beds from deer intrusion in low traffic areas.
  • 6′ is recommended for general purpose and for temporary fencing where a greater degree of safety is needed.
  • 7.5′ in the 100′ and 330′ lengths is our standard, economical perimeter deer fencing (Standard C-Flex).
  • It is recommended as a perimeter enclosure for areas not experiencing high pressure deer situations
  • 10′ and 15′ Cintoflex are the same product as our standard deer fencing, but recommended for uneven terrains that might require extra protection.

Cintoflex P line

deerfencecinto7.5′ x 164′ is our premium, perimeter deer fencing (Premium P-Flex). It is a heavy duty product, designed exclusively for high pressure deer exclusion where deer habits and territories have previously been established. It is stronger than standard perimeter fence, has square openings for equal flexing in all directions (making installation easier), is ideal for enclosing the perimeter of any property, is designed for low visibility after installation, and has a great survivability under heavy pressure.

Cintoflex is being used for more and more applications every day!

 

 

Welded wire

deerfenceweldedOur heavy vinyl coated welded wire is available in black or green. All gauge sizes are prior to coating. We offer two grid sizes: 3” x 2” and 2” x 4”.

Rolls are available in the following sizes:
3’ high x 50’ – 16 gauge
4’ high x 50’ – 16 gauge 4’ high x 50’ – 14 gauge

When using welded wire, which is only available up to 6’ heights, we recommend adding 2 – 3 lengths of straight wire across the top to help get the 7.5’ height necessary for deer exclusion.

 

Hi tensile

deerfencetensileHi tensile fencing is often used as perimeter fencing for airports, highways and other areas where a deer or other wildlife wondering onto the path could result in extreme danger. It is available in several grid sizes and configurations. The sizes recommended for deer exclusion are 96” x 330’ and are made of 12.5 gauge wire.

The unique knot, which locks vertical and horizontal wires together, won’t allow animals to penetrate. The deep crimp in the horizontal wire maintains fence tension and allows the fence to follow rough terrain.

 

 

Steel hex

deerfencesteelDeer Control Steel Hex is specially made for the deer fencing industry. It combines the strength of steel with the invisibility and affordability of plastic deer fencing.

This quality fencing is available in 7.3’x 100’ rolls. It offers a grid size of 1” x 1.25”. Available in black, Deer Control Steel Hex is 20 gauge.

All our deer fencing can be installed to comply with pool code in your local area. Contact your municipality for details